a. A Near Eastern form of literature that offers “a binding agreement between two parties…”
b. “Covenant in the OT essentially incorporates a legally binding obligation.”
II. Two forms of Covenants
a. Note: Covenants appear throughout the Ancient Near East during the era of the Old Testament. It seems that the Old Testament intentionally structure the format that appear around them.
b. Voluntary partnership
i. Both parties enter into the covenant voluntarily.
ii. The terms of the covenant is agreed upon bilaterally.
iii. Examples include Jacob and Laban (Genesis 31:54) and David with Jonathan (1st Samuel 18:3-4).
c. Imposed by a superior on a subordinate
i. “It usually designates an agreement made to or for, not with, the subordinate, depicting a legally binding promise which one party makes toward another.”
ii. The terms of the covenant is agreed upon unilaterally.
iii. Examples include…
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